15-Feb-2018 21:18


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The servants under this system provided services to the farmers and economic system of the village. The servants were responsible for tasks specific to their castes.

There were twelve kinds of servants called Bara Balutedar; these were Sonar (goldsmith), Gurav (temple priest), Nhawi (barber), Parit (washerman), Kumbhar (potter), Sutar (carpenter, Lohar (blacksmith), Chambhar (cobbler), Dhor, Koli (fisherman or water carrier), Chougula (assistant to Patil), Mang (rope maker) and Mahar (village watchman and other tasks).

Their language, Marathi, is part of the Southern branch of Indo-Aryan languages.

The community came into political prominence in the 17th century when Maratha warriors, under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, established the Maratha Empire, which is credited to a large extent for ending the Mughal rule.

The British rule of more than a century in present-day Maharashtra region saw huge changes for Marathi people in every aspect of their lives.

Areas that correspond to present day Maharashtra were under direct or indirect British rule, first under the East India Trading Company and then under the British crown from 1858.

The war against the Mughals was then led by the Sambhaji's younger brother and successor Rajaram Chhatrapati.


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However, after the Third battle of Panipat in which the Marathas were defeated by Ahmed Shah Abdali, the Empire broke up into many independent kingdoms.The decline of Islamic rule in Deccan started when Shivaji founded the Maratha Empire by annexing a portion of the Bijapur Sultanate in 1674.Shivaji later led rebellions against the Mughal rule, thus becoming a symbol of Hindu resistance and self-rule.The Deshpande belonged to Brahmin or CKP communities. Village society in Marathi areas included the Patil or the head of the village, collector of revenue, and Kulkarni, the village record keeper. The village also used to have twelve hereditary servants called the Balutedar.

The Balutedar system was supportive of the agriculture sector.

After the Yadav defeat, the area was ruled for the next 300 years by a succession of Muslim rulers including (in chronological order): the Khaljis, the Tughlaqs, the Bahamani Sultanate and its successor states called the Deccan sultanates such as Adilshahi, Nizamshahi, and the Mughal Empire.